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Scapegoat Recovery
with Rebecca Mandeville, MA, MFT

Adult Survivor

Scapegoating as Family Betrayal: The Trauma of Broken Trust

Betrayal trauma theory (BTT) is defined as a trauma perpetrated by someone with whom the victim is close to and reliant upon for support and survival, and specifically addresses situations in which people or institutions that a person relies upon for protection, resources, and survival violate the trust or well-being of that person (Freyd, 2008). 



Adult Survivor

A Betrayal of Trust: Understanding the Primal Wound of Childhood

In an earlier article, Love At Any Price, I discussed childhood attachment and the development of a ‘false self’. This week I continue this discussion by exploring the concept of  ‘the primal wound’ as it relates to psycho-emotional healing and the quest to live an authentic life.

In order to develop a healthy ‘whole’ self, infants and children need to be adequately reflected, seen, and acknowledged by an empathic “container”, this being...


Black Sheep

Guest Post: Meghan Markle Is the British Royal Family Scapegoat


Meghan Markle is going to bring down the British Royal Family if royal reporters, experts and the gaslighters are to be believed. Let it be. As the Beatles sang, "Speaking words of wisdom, let it be."
by Stephanie Guerilus - Guest Author
Stephanie Guerilus is a multimedia journalist and social media expert. She is a native of Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Haitian immigrants. Stephanie holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Journalism from Temple University and is the secretary of the New York Association of Black Journalists.

This article was originally posted by sguerilus, on July 9, 2019. Reprinted with the author's permission.