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What Is Schizoaffective Disorder?

question mark photoYou may have heard of Schizophrenia.  However, there is a similar disorder called Scizoaffective Disorder.  What is this disorder?  This article will describe what Schizoaffective Disorder is, the symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder, and additional information about Schizoaffective Disorder.

What Is Schizoaffective Disorder?

In my previous articles I have described what Schizophrenia is.  In this particular section, I will describe what Schizoaffective Disorder is.  According to psychcentral.com, Schizoaffective Disorder is a combination of a psychotic disorder (schizophrenia) and a mood disorder (either bipolar disorder or depression.)  In addition, these mood symptoms are usually intermittent, according to psychcentral.com.  On an even further note, mood episodes, including a major depressive episode or a manic episode, are present for most of the illness, according to psychcentral.com.

What Are The Symptoms Of Schizoaffective Disorder?

What are the symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder?  According to psychcentral.com, the following represent the symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder:

The psychotic illness criteria resembles Criterion A of the schizophrenia diagnosis, requiring at least two of the following symptoms for at least one month:

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment or incoherence)
  • Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
  • Negative symptoms (e.g., affective flattening, alogia, avolition)

Other Important Facts To Remember

It is also important to remember certain facts about Schizoaffective Disorder.  According to psychcentral.com, the presence of delusions or hallucinations are in the absence of mood symptoms for at least 2 weeks.  However, the mood disorder must be present for a minority of the time.   It is also important to remember that the symptoms of this disorder cannot be better explained by a substance or a general medical condition.  In addition, if the mood symptoms are present for a brief period of time the diagnosis is Schizophrenia not Schizoaffective Disorder.  Another symptom of Schizoaffective Disorder is also restricted social contact and difficulties with self-care.  However, the negative symptoms associated with Schizoaffective Disorder are less severe than with Schizophrenia.

Conclusion

To end this article, Schizoaffective Disorder is similar to Scizophrenia.  However, it is also different.  Shizoaffective Disorder, unlike Schizophrenia, has a mood disorder component to it.  This article has described what Schizoaffective Disorder is, in addition to describing what are the general symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder.  I hope you have enjoyed my article.  In future articles, I will describe the different types of treatment methods for Schizoaffective Disorder.  To give you a brief preview but not go into too much detail, different types of medication can be used for Schizoaffective Disorder.  I look forward to hearing from you all.

 

What Is Schizoaffective Disorder?

Lauren Walters

My name is Lauren Walters. I am currently heading into my final semester of graduate school for Mental Health Counseling in the Spring of 2016. Through my own experiences with mental illness, I love to inspire others through my writings and reassure them that they can live healthy, productive lives, despite mental illness. I hope you enjoy my articles. Feel free to comment. I will be sure to respond to you questions and/or comments in a prompt manner. Enjoy!


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APA Reference
Walters, L. (2017). What Is Schizoaffective Disorder?. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 23, 2018, from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/psychosis/2017/11/what-is-schizoaffective-disorder/

 

Last updated: 15 Nov 2017
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 15 Nov 2017
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.