In my previous blogs I have discussed Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, as well as ADHD.  In this blog I will discuss Schizophrenia and Psychosis.  This article will discuss the basics on Schizophrenia.  In particular, it will discuss the criteria for the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.

The Positive Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

In short the positive symptoms of schizophrenia are psychosis.  They can be treated with medication.  However, I will explain further what they really are.  According to www.nimh.nih.gov, the positive symptoms of schizophrenia “are psychotic behaviors not generally seen in healthy people.”  People with positive symptoms may “lose touch” with some aspects of reality.”  According to www.nimh.nih.gov, the positive symptoms of schizophrenia are:

  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Thought disorders (unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking)
  • Movement disorders (agitated body movements)

The Negative Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

What are the negative symptoms of schizophrenia?  According to www.nimh.nih.gov, the negative symptoms of schizophrenia are “disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors.”  According to www.nimh.nih.gov, they include:

  • “Flat affect” (reduced expression of emotions via facial expression or voice tone)
  • Reduced feelings of pleasure in everyday life
  • Difficulty beginning and sustaining activities
  • Reduced speaking

The Cognitive Symptoms Schizophrenia

What are the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia?  According to www.nimh.nih.gov, patients who exhibit changes in cognitive functioning due to schizophrenia may experience “changes in their memory or other aspects of thinking.”  According to www.nimh.nih.gov, the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia include:

  • Poor “executive functioning” (the ability to understand information and use it to make decisions)
  • Trouble focusing or paying attention
  • Problems with “working memory” (the ability to use information immediately after learning it)

Antipsychotics

According to www.nimh.nih.gov, the first treatment method for schizophrenia is antipsychotics.  Antipsychotic medication is taken daily in pill or liquid form. Antipsychotics are also injections that are given once or twice a month.  It is also important to remember that antipsychotics also have side effects as well.  Remember to talk to your doctor about these side effects.

Conclusion

To conclude this article, three symptoms have been mentioned for schizophrenia, according to www.nimh.nih.gov.  They include the positive symptoms, which are psychosis.  The negative symptoms, which are social and occupational functioning.  In addition, the cognitive symptoms, according to www.nimh.nih.gov, include poor executive functioning, troubling focusing or paying attention, in addition to problems with working memory.  In addition, according to www.nimh.nih.gov, antipsychotics can also be used to treat schizophrenia.  I hope you have enjoyed my article.