Narcissists gratify themselves despite the costs to those around them. Alcoholics not in recovery continue drinking even when it hurts loved ones.
Narcissistic people use a range of covert and overt tactics to manipulate others. As you read through the following list of methods used by narcissists, you may want to think of a narcissist in your present or past and identify if any of these tactics may have used on you.
As a child you had less power and fewer resources than your parents. Narcissistic parents may have used your dependency to take advantage of you for their own gratification.
If you were raised by a narcissistic parent, that legacy may affect you in multiple ways.
Three of my favorite fables — The Wizard of Oz, Snow White, and The Emperor’s New Clothes — offer lessons on how to deal with the narcissistic people in your life.