Introduction

According to kidshealth.org, “Just about everyone has trouble concentrating or paying attention in class from time to time. But for teens with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), these things can cause problems at school and in other areas of life. Medicines can help people with ADHD stay more focused and follow instructions better.” There are two types of medicines for ADHD, stimulants and non-stimulants.  This article will describe these two different types of medications.

What Are Stimulants?

According to drugabuse.gov, the following information can be noted about stimulants:

As the name suggests, stimulants increase alertness, attention, and energy, as well as elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration. Stimulants historically were used to treat asthma and other respiratory problems, obesity, neurological disorders, and a variety of other ailments. But as their potential for abuse and addiction became apparent, the medical use of stimulants began to wane. Now, stimulants are prescribed to treat only a few health conditions, including ADHD, narcolepsy, and occasionally depression—in those who have not responded to other treatments.

What Types Of Stimulants Exist?

According to kidshealth.org, the following types of stimulants exist:

Stimulants include Concerta, Ritalin LA, Focalin XR, Metadate CD, Daytrana, Adderall, and Vyvanse. They come as a liquid, pill, capsule, and even a patch. Stimulants work very quickly, and people with ADHD may see an improvement right away.

What Are Non-Stimulants?

According to webmd, the following can be stated:

Nonstimulants don’t tend to cause agitation, sleeplessness, or lack of appetite. They also don’t pose the same risk of abuse or addiction.

Plus, they have a longer-lasting and smoother effect than many stimulants, which can take effect and wear off abruptly.

What Are Some Non-Stimulants?

According to kidshealth.org, examples of non-stimulants include:

 

  • Non-stimulants work a little differently in the brain than stimulants. They may take longer to work, but they work better than stimulants for some people. Non-stimulants include atomoxetine (Strattera), extended release guanfacine (Intuniv), extended release clonidine (Kapvay), and certain antidepressants (such as Wellbutrin).

Conclusion

To conclude this specific article, this article has provided readers with examples of two types of ADHD medications, stimulants and non-stimulants to treat ADHD.  If you are concerned about the side effects of any of these medications, stimulants or non-stimulants, consult with your licensed provider.  Never continue to take a medication if you are unsure of its side effects.  Your licensed provider is there to help you succeed.