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Back To The Basics: The Difference Between ADD And ADHD

Introduction

You may have heard of the terms Attention Deficit Disorder, also known as ADD, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD. You may have first hand experience with one of these or both of these. Either way, you may be wondering what the differences between the two are. This article will explore the differences between Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in detail.

What Is Attention Deficit Disorder?

According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), six or more the following symptoms must be present for at least six months:

(a) Failure to give close attention to detail or make careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or during other activities.

(b) Difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities.

(c) Often does not seem to listen to when spoken to.

(d) Failure to follow through on instructions or duties in school or the workplace.

(e) Difficulty organizing tasks and activities.

(f) Reluctance to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort.

(g) Loosing things necessary for tasks or activities.

(h) Often is distracted by extraneous stimuli.

(i) Forgetfulness in daily activities.

The above is just an example of the many different symptoms associated with Attention Deficit Disorder. If you feel you may be experiencing the symptoms associated with Attention Deficit Disorder, consult with a physician.

What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), six of the following symptoms must be present for at least six months:

(a) Is often fidgety.

(b) Often leaves seat when sitting is expected.

(c) Running or climbing in inappropriate situations.

(d) Inability to play or engage in leisure activities.

(e) Often is driven by a motor or always on the go.

(f) Talking excessively.

(g) Blurting out answers before a question has been completed.

(h) Difficulty waiting his or her turn.

(i) Interrupting or intruding on others.

As mentioned above if you believe you have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, consult with a physician. Do not self-diagnose yourself.

Other Important Information To Know

On a further note, for both Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the symptoms must be present prior to the age of 12 years old (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).  Also, the symptoms must be present in two or more areas of functioning, such as home, school, work, or leisure activities (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). On a final note, the symptoms must cause a significant impairment in social, occupational, or academic functioning (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

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Back To The Basics: The Difference Between ADD And ADHD


Lauren Walters

My name is Lauren Walters. I am currently heading into my final semester of graduate school for Mental Health Counseling in the Spring of 2016. Through my own experiences with mental illness, I love to inspire others through my writings and reassure them that they can live healthy, productive lives, despite mental illness. I hope you enjoy my articles. Feel free to comment. I will be sure to respond to you questions and/or comments in a prompt manner. Enjoy!


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APA Reference
Walters, L. (2016). Back To The Basics: The Difference Between ADD And ADHD. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 14, 2020, from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/living-with-adhd/2016/02/back-to-the-basics-the-difference-between-add-and-adhd/

 

Last updated: 3 Feb 2016
Statement of review: Psych Central does not review the content that appears in our blog network (blogs.psychcentral.com) prior to publication. All opinions expressed herein are exclusively those of the author alone, and do not reflect the views of the editorial staff or management of Psych Central. Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.