While we might think that there is nothing worse than almost winning, actually, when it comes to our motivation, “near wins” actually add fuel to the fire.
Randomly selecting million Twitter users Johan Bollen, associate professor in the IU School of Informatics and Computing and his colleagues...
We have all seen the posts of our friends crossing the finish line of a race, sharing their Strava run statistics, or going for that fabulous hike. According to researchers at Texas State University and the University of Arizona, these posts tends to influence our feelings about our own weight and body image.
Recruiting 232 study participants Stephen Rains, a UA communication professor and UA alumna Tricia Burke, a professor of communication studies at Texas...
Primack was referring to research that he and his team conducted with 1,179 full-time students ages...
Mental toughness can seem like an unreachable goal. Something reserved only for those born with some genetic predisposition for fearlessness. Something that demands that we take unbelievable risks, forgo the consequences, and charge bravely forward.
While it isn't harmful to act in ethical ways, or consider ourselves ethical people, when we compare ourselves to others and determine that we are more ethical than them, our behavior can suddenly take a turn in an unethical direction.
While a new body of research has focused on the use of psychedelic drugs such as magic mushrooms, LSD and mescaline (a substance derived from peyote cactus), to improve mood, reduce anxiety, and with obsessive compulsive disorder and eating disorders, according to University of Alabama Assoc. Prof. Peter Hendricks, they may also decrease the likelihood of antisocial criminal behavior. Working with UBC Okanagan’s Associate Professor of Psychology Zach Walsh, Hendricks used data obtained by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which is administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, to explore the connection between the use of classic psychedelic substances and criminal behavior among more than 480,000 American adult respondents from the past 13 years. What Hendricks and Walsh found is quite compelling: respondents who have used psychedelic drugs had 27 per cent decreased odds of larceny or theft, and 22 per cent decreased odds of arrest for a violent crime in the past year. At the same time, lifetime use of other illicit substances was generally associated with increased odds of criminal behavior (Hendricks et al., 2017). “These findings add to a growing body of research suggesting that use of classic psychedelics may have positive effects for reducing antisocial behavior” (Walsh, 2017). While the development of innovative and effective interventions to prevent criminal behavior is an obvious priority, for Hendricks and Walsh, the use of psilocybin and related compounds could revolutionize the mental health field. “Our findings suggest the protective effects of classic psychedelic use are attributable to genuine reductions in antisocial behavior rather than reflecting improved evasion of arrest. Simply put, the positive effects associated with classic psychedelic use appear to be reliable” (Hendricks, 2017). Walsh points out that research on the benefits of psychedelic drugs started decades ago, primarily to treat mental illness, yet was stopped due to the reclassification of the drugs to controlled substances in the mid-1970s. With the resurgence of interest in psychedelic medicine, notes Walsh, more research is needed to figure out what factors underlie these effects. But, he says, “the experiences of unity, positivity and transcendence that characterize the psychedelic experience may have lasting benefits that translate into real-world consequences” (Walsh, 2017).
Facing our failures and shortcomings is not easy and the tendency to avoid them, or engage in something else to take our mind off things is universal – unethical behavior, alcohol abuse and compensatory consumption are all examples of this.
“The current design of prison systems don’t work. Overly punitive approaches used on violent, angry criminals only provide a breeding ground for more anger and more violence,” said criminal justice expert Joel Dvoskin, PhD, of the University of Arizona.