While we may be aware that the media sensationalizes violence and even that stories often perpetuate biases, what we may not realize is just how much – or why – we trust the news.
Street gangs have often been understood as a way for adolescents to find a sense of belonging and social support, however, say Liza Berdychevsky, Monika Stodolska and Kim Shinew, professors of recreation, sport and tourism at the University of Illinois, street gangs often fill another important need for kids – for excitement.
“I was surprised by this result. Prior to this study, I did not believe patient mood could have an effect on outcome,” said Nadja Kadom, M.D., associate professor of radiology at Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.
“When the teens saw their own photos with a large number of likes, we saw activity across a wide variety of regions in the brain” explains Lauren Sherman, a researcher in the brain mapping center and the UCLA branch of the Children's Digital Media Center, Los Angeles (Sherman, 2016).
Overall, the percentage of Americans who were paying more than 40 percent of their income for debts like mortgages and credit card bills increased from about 17 percent in 1992 to 27 percent in 2008, but according to research done by Sherman Hanna, a professor of consumer sciences at Ohio State University, and his colleagues, it was those who were college-educated who were more likely than those with high school or less education to be above this 40 percent threshold – considered to be a risky amount of debt for most households (Hanna et al., 2016).
When the Rosetta spacecraft successfully completed its mission, the expectation was wild applause and accolades for the team of British scientists involved. Instead, however, due to a perceived egregious act by one of the British scientists, there was a much different public reaction.
In speaking about the relationship between risk and mastery, Steven Kottler, the author of The Rise of Superman, quotes University of Cambridge, England neuropsychologist Barbara Sahakian, “If you are interested in mastery, you have to learn this lesson. To really achieve anything, you have to be able to tolerate and enjoy risk. It has to become a challenge to look forward to. In all fields, to make exceptional discoveries you need risk – you’re just never going to have a breakthrough without it” (Kottler, 2014).
It is an innate response to reach out to others when we are in distress, and according to Emily Falk, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Communication, Psychology, and Marketing at the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg School for Communication and director of its Communication Neuroscience Lab, these social networks influence, and are influenced by, our brain networks.
But is mental toughness just about learning more; adding more information on top of what we already know? Is it about committing to do 100 push-ups every day, run until we puke, or do exactly as some mental toughness guru tells us?
Not long after David Goggins released his memoir, Can’t Hurt Me, it became a National bestseller. Tracing his early childhood experiences of physical abuse, poverty, and prejudice, through his struggle with obesity and depression, the book tells the story of how Goggins used mental toughness to eventually become the only man in history to complete the elite Navy Seal, Army Ranger, and Air Force Tactical Controller training programs.