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The Question When A Loved One Dies By Suicide – Why?

For every suicide there is an estimated six or more “suicide survivors,” people who are left behind trying to cope with this traumatic loss. They include spouses, parents, siblings, friends and relatives.

The Question is – WHY?

One of the haunting thoughts that survivors carry in the aftermath of suicide is “ WHY DID THIS HAPPEN?”

As Bev Feigelman, one of the authors of Devastating Losses, and the mother of a young filmmaker who died by suicide describes, “ The question mark stays in the forefront of your mind haunting you and only with time starts to slowly move toward the back.”

Depression, often unrecognized and untreated is considered the major cause of suicide. What complicates this finding is that those suffering often struggle with the fear that they will not find the proper treatment.

In her important book, Depression and Your Child, one of the contributions of author Deborah Serani, is a listing of over 300 names of famous people from athletes, actors to writers who have suffered with depression.

 Suicide as “ Psychache”

In work with suicide survivors – be they family members, siblings or cops, the consideration of suicide as “ psychache” has been considered helpful.

Essentially it comes from the work of suicide expert, Edwin Shneidman who defined suicide as a misguided solution to unbearable psychic pain.

In such pain, thinking becomes constricted, there is tunnel vision and the only compelling need is to end the pain. When suicidal, the thought of ending the pain is not always equated with ending life.

Intolerable, Interminable and Inescapable. 

Dan Bilsker and Peter Forster (2003) who also define suicidal thinking in terms of a crisis of pain–describe it in terms of “ The Three I’s” – The person suffering perceives the pain as Intolerable, Interminable and Inescapable.

When intervention is possible, it aims at relieving despair by demonstrating that emotional pain can be addressed with help, that the moments of pain will not persist and that with support there are alternatives to those aspects of life that can feel inescapable.

Findings and Risk Factors To Consider

 Suicide is tragic and complicated loss that takes the lives of too many people.

 Help for Those Suffering From Depression and Those who have lost a loved one to suicide.

There is the National Suicide Prevention Hotline 1-800-273-8255

There is on-line information from Groups like The American Association of Suicidology , the American Foundation for Suicide PreventionSuicide Prevention in the MilitaryLife-lines School Programs to offer crucial support and guidance.

There are means to find competent mental help professionals from organizations like the American Psychological Association. or the American Group Psychotherapy Association.

Crisis Text Line

Law Enforcement officers text BLUE to 741741
Non-law enforcement text TALK to 741741

 

If you have suffered the loss of a loved one by suicide– You know about unspeakable and mystifying loss. Seek Support for yourself and remember all that your loved one was to you.

 

Listen in to Dr. John Violanti, psychologist and 23 year police veteran discuss Police Suicide on Psych UP Live

 

Additional Reading: Shneidman, E. (1993) Suicide as Psychache: A clinical Approach to Self-Destrictive Behavior. New Jersey: Jason Aronson

Bilsker, D. & Forster, P. (2003) ” Problem-Solving Intervention for Suicidal Crises in the Psychiatric Emergency Service.” The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, Vol.24, No.3,134-136.

The Question When A Loved One Dies By Suicide – Why?


Suzanne Phillips, Psy.D., ABPP

Suzanne B. Phillips, Psy.D., ABPP is a licensed psychologist. She is Adjunct Professor of Clinical Psychology in the Doctoral Program of Long Island University and on the faculty of the Post-Doctoral Programs of the Derner Institute of Adelphi University. Suzanne Phillips, PsyD and Dianne Kane are the authors of Healing Together: A Couple's Guide to Coping with Trauma and Post-Traumatic Stress. Learn more about their work at couplesaftertrauma.com . Visit Suzanne's Facebook Page HERE.


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APA Reference
Phillips, S. (2020). The Question When A Loved One Dies By Suicide – Why?. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 10, 2020, from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/healing-together/2020/02/the-question-when-a-loved-one-dies-by-suicide-why/

 

Last updated: 2 Feb 2020
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