[Continued from Part 1.]
Psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman comments in an article about some of the problems with categorizing and typing people:
“The most common misunderstanding of the extraversion-introversion dimension is that introverts are more introspective than extroverts. In reality, introverts are not necessarily introspective and highly introspective people aren’t necessarily introverted.”
In a footnote, he adds that “the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test… extraversion-introversion scale only includes items relating to being talkative, gregarious, and sociable (vs. quiet and reserved). Since there’s not a single item on the MBTI extraversion-introversion dimension that mentions being introspective or reflective, even the MBTI doesn’t measure Jung’s original conceptualization of the term!”
In a journal paper, Kaufman explains more about the MBTI Intuition scale:
“It measures a holistic form of intuition and is related to implicit cognitive processing. On the MBTI, “Intuitive” individuals are described as concentrating on patterns and possibilities rather than concrete details, whereas a “sensing” person is more concerned with details and facts than an intuitive person.
“Feeling” individuals are described as making decisions based on feelings and compassion whereas “Thinking” individuals tend to rely more on logic and rules in interacting with people and making decisions, being more concerned with the truth than social sensitivity.”
From Opening up Openness to Experience: A Four-Factor Model and Relations to Creative Achievement in the Arts and Sciences, by Scott Barry Kaufman, Journal of Creative Behavior [PDF].
Kaufman is Scientific Director of The Imagination Institute, and author of multiple books including Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined and the upcoming title (with Carolyn Gregoire) Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind.
You can hear an audio by him on “Imagination and Intelligence” in the post The Creativity Conference with David Burkus.
~ ~ ~
Photo: Considered to be an INTJ personality: movie directors Stanley Kubrick (left) and James Cameron – who made a comment I really appreciate, about being called a perfectionist: “No, I’m a greatist. I only want to do it until it’s great.”
From my post Positive Obsessions To Be Creative.
~ ~ ~
Some people question the validity of the MBTI form of personality typing.
For example, mental health journalist and former senior editor at Psychology Today Annie Murphy Paul writes that research indicates “as many as three-quarters of test takers achieve a different personality type when tested again, and the sixteen distinctive types described by the Myers-Briggs have no scientific basis whatsoever.”
From her book The Cult of Personality Testing.
Quotes from article Goodbye to MBTI, the Fad That Won’t Die, by Adam Grant Ph.D.
~ ~ ~
A final quote by Phillip Richard from his post The Creative Strategist: INTJ Type Decoded:
“Although your personality type may heavily influence your overall abilities and desires, it will never entirely define you as a human being. This is up to you.”
~ ~ ~
For more information:
Free 16-Type Jungian Personality Test
By Psych Central Staff.
Book: Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type, by Isabel Briggs Myers, Peter B. Myers.