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What Is Bipolar I and II Disorder?

Introduction

Are you wondering what are the 3 types of medication for Bipolar Disorder?  Consider reading this article to find out.  They include: mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants.  This article will also describe the criteria for Bipolar I and II Disorders.

Mood Stablizers

According to www.mayoclinic.org, mood stabilizers are used to control manic or hypomanic episodes.  According to www.mayoclinic.org, examples of mood stabilizers include:

lithium (Lithobid)

valproic acid (Depakene)

divalproex sodium (Depakote)

arbamazepine (Tegretol, Equetro, others)

lamotrigine (Lamictal)

Antipsychotics

According to www.mayoclinic.org, antipsychotics are a second type of medication used for the treatment of Bipolar Disorder.  According to www.mayoclinic.org, examples of antipsychotics include:

olanzapine (Zyprexa)

risperidone (Risperdal)

quetiapine (Seroquel)a

aripiprazole (Abilify)

ziprasidone (Geodon)

lurasidone (Latuda)

asenapine (Saphris)

Antidepressants

According to www.mayoclinic.org, the third type of treatment for Bipolar Disorder is antidepressants.  Antidepressants are used for the depressive portion of Bipolar Disorder.  According to www.mayoclinic.org, since an antidepressant can trigger a manic episode it is usually prescribed along with a mood stabilizer or an antipsychotic.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Manic And Hypomanic Epsiode?

According to www.mayoclinic.org, the criteria for Bipolar I and II Disorder include the following:

Both a manic and a hypomanic episode include three or more of these symptoms:

  • Abnormally upbeat, jumpy or wired
  • Increased activity, energy or agitation
  • Exaggerated sense of well-being and self-confidence (euphoria)
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Poor decision-making — for example, going on buying sprees, taking sexual risks or making foolish investments

What Are Some Other Features Of Bipolar I and Bipolar II Disorder?

According to www.mayoclinic.org, other features of Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder include anxious distress, melancholy, as well as psychosis.  According to www.mayoclinic.org, Bipolar Disorder may also include mixed or rapid cycling, as well as change of seasons or pregnancy.

How To Notice Bipolar Disorder In Children And Teens?

According to www.mayoclinic.org, the most obvious way to notice Bipolar Disorder is mood swings that are present that are usually not present.

 

 

What Is Bipolar I and II Disorder?


Lauren Walters

My name is Lauren Walters. I am currently heading into my final semester of graduate school for Mental Health Counseling in the Spring of 2016. Through my own experiences with mental illness, I love to inspire others through my writings and reassure them that they can live healthy, productive lives, despite mental illness. I hope you enjoy my articles. Feel free to comment. I will be sure to respond to you questions and/or comments in a prompt manner. Enjoy!


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APA Reference
Walters, L. (2017). What Is Bipolar I and II Disorder?. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 17, 2019, from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/coping-depression/2017/09/what-is-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorder/

 

Last updated: 20 Sep 2017
Statement of review: Psych Central does not review the content that appears in our blog network (blogs.psychcentral.com) prior to publication. All opinions expressed herein are exclusively those of the author alone, and do not reflect the views of the editorial staff or management of Psych Central. Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.