Introduction

There are various types of medications used to treat depression.  They include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), including Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft.

Lexapro

According to psychcentral.com, the first type of SSRI used to treat depression is called Lexapro.  Lexapro is used to treat Depression but can also be used to treat Generalized Anxiety Disorder.  However, for the purposes of this article, this article will focus on Lexapro as a treatment for Depression.  According to psychcentral.com, “This medicine works by blocking the reuptake of serotonin (a neurotransmitter) back into the nerve cell. This increases the amount of serotonin that is available.”  According to psychcentral.com, the side effects of Lexapro include:

  • nausea
  • dry mouth
  • drowsiness
  • constipation
  • headache
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness
  • insomnia
  • increased sweating
  • decreased libido

Paxil

According to psychcentral.com, the second type of SSRI is Paxil (Paroxetine).  According to psychcentral.com, “Paroxetine restores the balance of a brain neurotransmitter called serotonin by inhibiting its reuptake into the nerve cells.”  According to psychcentral.com, the side effects of Paxil include:

  • nausea
  • increased sweating
  • abnormal dreams
  • headache
  • drowsiness
  • difficulty concentrating
  • blurred vision
  • changes in sexual function
  • dizziness
  • insomnia
  • decreased appetite

Prozac

A third type of SSRI, according to psychcentral.com, is Prozac.  According to psychcentral.com, “It works by restoring the balance of a chemical in the brain (serotonin) by blocking its reuptake into the nerve cells.”  According to psychcentral.com, the side effects of Prozac include:

  • nervousness
  • anxiety
  • nausea
  • sweating
  • loss of appetite
  • sexual problems
  • trouble sleeping

Zoloft

A fourth type of SSRI used to treat depression is Zoloft, according to psychcentral.com.  According to psychcentral.com, “This drug relieves depression by slowly restoring a chemical in the brain (serotonin) to normal levels.”  According to psychcentral.com, the side effects of Zoloft are:

  • diarrhea
  • sour stomach
  • belching
  • decreased appetite or weight loss
  • stomach cramps
  • nervousness
  • drowsiness
  • constipation
  • heartburn
  • trouble sleeping

Conclusion

To end this specific article, various types of medications, in particular SSRIs, can be used to treat Major Depressive Disorder.  They include Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft.  As mentioned in this article, all of these medications have certain side effects that are worth watching out for.  If you are worried about these side effects, consult with your licensed provider before taking any of these medications.  Your doctor will be able to provide you with the severity of each particular side effect for each medication you are currently taking. SSRIs work by increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain of individuals with Major Depressive Disorder.