Introduction

There are various types of treatment for depression.  This article will explore what they are.  They include medication, specifically antidepressants and atypical antipsychotics, as well as psychotherapy, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy.  A last resort treatment for depression is ECT.

Medication-Antidepressants

According topsychcentral.com, the first type of treatment for depression is medication, specifically antidepressants.  The most common type of antidepressants prescribed by psychiatrists are called selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs).  According to psychcentral.com, the most commonly prescribed SSRIs include Prozac (fluoxetine), Paxil (paroxetine), Zoloft (sertraline) and Luvox (fluvoxamine).

Side Effects Of SSRIs

SSRIs also have side effects too that are worth mentioning.  According to psychcentral.com, if you are taking SSRIs you can experience nausea, insomnia, diarrhea, agitation, and even a headache.  However, it is common for these side effects to disappear within 3-4 weeks.

Medication-Atypical Antidepressants

According to psychcentral.com, the second type of treatment for depression is atypical antidepressants.  Atypical antidepressants are prescribed by doctors when SSRIs are not effective.  According to psychcentral.com, examples of atypical antidepressants include nefazodone (Serzone), trazodone (Desyrel), and bupropion (Wellbutrin).

Psychotherapy-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

According to psychcentral.com, psychotherapy is another type of treatment for depression, particularly cognitive behavioral therapy.  In fact, cognitive behavioral therapy is the most common type of psychotherapy for depression.  The main emphasis in cognitive behavioral therapy is targeting one’s thoughts or belief patterns.  The foundation of cognitive behavioral therapy is the abc model.  The A is the activating event, the B is one’s beliefs, and the C is one’s consequences, which can be emotional and behavioral.  Many people believe A causes an individual to act and feel a certain way.  However, it is actually the reverse.  It is actually B that causes someone to act and feel a certain way.  Therfore, the meaning we attach to a certain event causes us to act and feel a certain way.  Once we change our belief patterns we can change our actions and feelings.

Ectroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

On a final note, according to psychcentral.com, ectroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is another treatment method for depression.  ECT is a last resort for the treatment for depression.  To mention, ECT can cause memory loss, as well.

Conclusion

To end this article, a variety of treatment methods have been mentioned for the treatment of depression.  They include medication, including antidepressants and atypical antidepressants.  In addition, they also include psychotherapy, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy.  On a final note, a last resort treatment for depression is ECT.  As mentioned in this article, ECT is a last resort treatment as it can cause memory loss.

 

 

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