When all else fails, there has always been the treatment of ECT. According to healthland.time.com, “Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has always seemed like a barbaric treatment. Even though anesthesia now makes the procedure itself painless for patients, it still involves literally shocking the delicate electrical systems of the brain to produce seizures and may cause painful muscle spasms and memory problems afterwards. Still, after seven decades of use, ECT remains the most effective treatment known for severe depression.” This article will provide a summary of what ECT is, in addition to exploring how ECT may be beneficial.
What Is ECT?
What is ECT? According to mentalhealthamerica.net, the following can be noted about ECT:
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure in which a brief application of electric stimulus is used to produce a generalized seizure. It is not known how or why ECT works or what the electrically stimulated seizure does to the brain. In the U.S. during the 1940’s and 50’s, the treatment was administered mostly to people with severe mental illnesses. During the last few decades, researchers have been attempting to identify the effectiveness of ECT, to learn how and why it works, to understand its risks and adverse side effects, and to determine the best treatment technique. Today, ECT is administered to an estimated 100,000 people a year, primarily in general hospital psychiatric units and in psychiatric hospitals. It is generally used in treating patients with severe depression. ECT is also used with some suicidal patients, who cannot wait for antidepressant medication to take effect.
How Can ECT Be Beneficial?
The question remains how can ECT be beneficial. According to webmd.com, the following groups of people or types of situations may benefit from the treatment of ECT:
- When a need exists for rapid treatment response, such as in pregnancy
- When a patient refuses food and that leads to nutritional deficiencies
- When a patient’s depression is resistant to antidepressant therapy
- When other medical ailments prevent the use of antidepressant medication
- When the patient is in a catatonic stupor
- When the depression is accompanied by psychotic features
- When treating bipolar disorder, including both mania and depression
- When treating mania
- When treating patients who have a severe risk of suicide
- When treating patients who have had a previous response to ECT
- When treating patients with psychotic depression or psychotic mania
- When treating patients with major depression
- When treating schizophrenia
To conclude this particular article, the focus of this article has been on a summary of what ECT is, in addition to describing how ECT can be beneficial.