There are three types of Bipolar Disorder. What are they? To answer that specific question, they are Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder. What are the symptoms associated with these three disorders? This article will answer this specific question.
What Is Bipolar I Disorder?
According to nimh, the following information can be stated about Bipolar I Disorder:
Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
To recap, Bipolar I Disorder is defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days. Depressive episodes can also occur as well, lasting about 2 weeks. Mixed episodes are also possible, having manic and depressive episodes at the same time.
What Is Bipolar II Disorder?
According to nimh, the following information can be noted about Bipolar II Disorder:
Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
Therefore, to be specific, Bipolar II Disorder is defined by hypomanic episodes but not full-blown mania.
What Is Cyclothymic Disorder?
According to nimh the following information can be mentioned about Cyclothymic Disorder:
Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
With that said, Cyclothymic Disorder is referred by as hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years. These symptoms do not meet the criteria for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
To conclude this article, three types of Bipolar Disorder have been mentioned throughout the course of this article. To be specific, they include Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, in addition to Cyclothymic Disorder. These three types of disorders are all mood disorders. However, they are all different in there own specified ways. To be specific, Bipolar I Disorder is classified by manic and depressive episodes. Bipolar II Disorder is classified by hypomanic and depressive episodes, while Cyclothymic Disorder is classified by hypomanic and depressive episodes lasting specifically for at least 2 years.
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