You may have heard the terms mania and hypomania, in relation to Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder, respectively. However, what exactly are these two terms referring to? What is mania? What is hypomania? You may be wondering the answers to these questions. Continue reading this article to find out. This article will describe the similarities and differences between mania and hypomania.
What Are The Similarities Between A Manic Episode And A Hypomanic Episode?
Mania and hypomania have two main similarities. According to bipolarlab, “To start with the similarities, both a hypomanic and a manic episode share the same key diagnostic symptoms (A: elevated-expansive-irritable mood and B: 3 or 4 manic symptoms out of 7 identified). Also, similarly to the manic episode, the causation of the hypomanic episode cannot be due to substance use or a general medical condition.” In other words, both a manic episode and a hypomanic episode share an elevated, expansive, or irritable mood, as well as three or four manic symptoms out of the seven identified. In addition, both manic and hypomanic episodes cannot be due to substance use or a general medical condition. These are the similarities between manic and hypomanic episodes.
What Are The Differences Between A Manic Episode And A Hypomanic Episode?
Despite the similarities between mania and hypomania, differences do exist between mania and hypomania. According to sharecare, “The best way to differentiate between a manic and hypomanic episode is the degree of impairment caused. Mania is diagnosed when symptoms are present to such an extent that hospitalization is required to keep you safe or when symptoms are at least severe enough to be causing significant problems in your life (for example, inability to work or go to school; legal problems due to reckless behaviors such as dangerous driving; or relationship problems due to impulsivity, such as sexual promiscuity or compulsive spending). During a hypomanic episode, on the other hand, you may have some of the symptoms of mania and may experience the urge to engage in these kinds of destructive behaviors, but you are able to remain in control of yourself and not act on these urges.” In other words, the degree of impairment caused is the differentiating factor between mania and hypomania.
Yes, mania, from Bipolar I Disorder, and hypomania, from Bipolar II Disorder, have similarities. However, they also both have differences. Specifically, the degree of impairment caused by the two conditions is the distinguishing factor.