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Family Chaos: Myths & Challenges of Family Therapy

family photoWould you ever attend a family session with your family?

Family therapy can truly be either a saving grace or a boxing ring. For many of my uncertain clients, it’s a boxing ring full of traps, snakes, confusion, and drama. No matter how much I attempt to convince some of my clients that family therapy (depending on the kind of therapist you have) can be helpful.

The fear of the session becoming a living breathing soap opera is real.

In this article, I will discuss this fear a bit further and offer you a video on how family dynamics can truly affect your self-esteem.

Please note that my intent is not to discourage you from family therapy but rather to give you a realistic and relatable article to process.

Family therapy is not as simple as it may appear. There are tons of techniques, approaches, and “schools” of thought that influence the flow of a single session. A therapist’s style, culture, age, and life experience, and life perspective will also influence the flow of family therapy.

What most people struggle to understand is that family therapy is not just an opportunity to attend therapy together to point out each other’s flaws, but rather a chance to challenge each other, discuss very uncomfortable subjects that affect the family unit, and make real changes. Although family therapy is about uncovering some difficult skeletons in the closet, the real point of family therapy is to “work through” challenges together to reduce the ills of the family unit such as intense rage, very upsetting experiences, and abrupt or unexpected transitions.

Let me also add that family therapy is not pretty. Sometimes sessions go as planned and sometimes they do not. Sometimes families grow and change, and sometimes they do not.family photo

It’s important to keep in mind that a family therapist can make or break sessions. Depending on the personality, style, and training of your family therapist, a session can be civil and helpful or uncivil and violent. When you consider this, the reasons for why so many avoid family therapy is very clear.

 

Having led multiple family sessions over the years, I have observed there are ways in which family therapy can be harmful. For the purposes of this article, there are 6 reasons why family therapy may fail. This includes:

  1. Incompetent family therapist: Believe it or not, a therapist who is skilled at what they do and has had experience with family drama would know exactly what to do if family sessions become too confrontational. A therapist who is afraid to “jump in between” two family members yelling and screaming at each other, would not offer much support to the family. A therapist must truly have courage and confidence to play the middle man, especially when family tension is high.
  2. No rules or boundaries: Family therapy can truly escalate from 0-10 in a matter of seconds depending on the topic, the emotions involved, and the people involved. I’ve had my fair share of family sessions in which a teenager became so escalated that back up staff had to be called into the session. A therapist who does not start family sessions with rules and boundaries are looking for trouble. If a therapist highlights how a healthy family session should be conducted, the participants will be more mindful of their responses and behaviors.
  3. No goals or direction: In my experience with families, it is important to have some goal or direction for the family session before it begins. Sessions can truly take on a nature of their own and with so many emotions and thoughts being shared in a family session, lack of goals or direction can result in a waste of time. It’s very easy for a therapist to sit back and watch a family fight or argue. Family therapy should not be a boxing ring but a process by which each family member works through their problems and toward an ultimate goal. This is easier said than done in many cases.
  4. Lack of family motivation to change: Most family therapists are passionate about their jobs and the privilege they have to work with really difficult families and cases. But a family therapist can only do but so much if the family does not see a reason to change, is actively working on changing, or is willing to try to change. There is nothing that family therapy can offer if the family itself refuses to identify their needs and change.family photo
  5. Too much animosity: Sometimes family therapy is simply unhealthy. Family therapy is not for everyone. A family who is struggling with some very intense circumstances such as a violent death or murder, rape or incest, racism or prejudice, jealousy or strong resentment, or even divorce may not benefit from family therapy. Sometimes therapy is useful if the individuals of the family seek their own therapy. Individual therapy is useful in helping the individual identify their feelings, thoughts, and challenges. After individual therapy is completed, pursuing family therapy could be useful. In other words, it might be best for individuals to seek their own treatment before coming together for family therapy.
  6. “Identified patient” not being treated: Family therapy can truly be difficult if there is an individual member of the family who is struggling with their own mental health challenges. For example, a mother who is struggling with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) and does not have her own therapist or is being treated with medication, might find it difficult to be cognitively and emotionally present in family therapy. It might also be difficult for this mother to fully engage in treatment if her own psychological health is poor.

 

Sadly, most families believe family therapy can only be long and tedious. But that’s not always the case. There are 3 common myths of family therapy that many of my clients come to therapy with:

  1. Family therapy is a chess match: Some family therapy sessions feel like a chess match between the family members and the therapist. Multiple questions are asked, hidden feelings are prodded, and statements made in session are challenged. But the point of family therapy is not to embarrass you or make you feel overwhelmed, it is to encourage you to explore the issues that brought you into therapy in the first place. This isn’t always pretty.
  2. Family therapists are detached: Every therapist has a different style, attitude, and life perspective. One family therapist might sit quietly as you and your family argue everything, while another therapist might provide “homework assignments” to complete as a family outside of therapy such as going to the mall together, cooking together, or completing a worksheet. Some family therapists sit close to the family and might even attempt to become a piece of the family, temporarily.
  3. Family therapy is long-term: Family therapy is not always a long term investment. In fact, it can be as short as 28 days, a month, or 3 months. Children who are in residential treatment facilities engage in family therapy for 3-11 months. Some adults can also attend family therapy short-term. Therapy has truly changed over the years due to managed health care and insurance. Managed health care often seeks evidence based therapy that is short-term. More and more agencies and therapists are offering short-term family therapy that provides well-proven approaches to common challenges such as divorce or custody issues.

therapy photoCan you identify some challenges of family therapy? Perhaps the thought of “family therapy” is taboo in your family.

 

 

For many of my clients, family therapy is something they truly struggle with. Some reasons for this include: poor boundaries within the family, resentment toward specific family members, fear of being targeted or resented, embarrassment, or feeling like a family therapist cannot help them “fix” their problems.

What has been your experience with this topic?

As always, I wish you well

Family Chaos: Myths & Challenges of Family Therapy

Támara Hill, MS, LPC

Támara Hill, MS, NCC, CCTP, LPC, is a licensed therapist and certified trauma professional, in private practice, who specializes in working with children and adolescents who suffer from mood disorders, trauma, and disruptive behavioral disorders. She also provides international consultations and works with some young and older adults struggling with grief & loss or life transitions. Hill strives to help clients to realize and actualize their strengths in their home environments and in their relationships within the community. She credits her career passion to a “divine calling” and is internationally recognized for corresponding literary works as well as appearances on radio and other media platforms. She is an author, family consultant, and founder of AnchoredinKnowledge.com and Anchored Child & Family Counseling. Visit her at Anchored-In-Knowledge or Twitter and Youtube Youtube


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APA Reference
Hill, T. (2018). Family Chaos: Myths & Challenges of Family Therapy. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 19, 2018, from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/caregivers/2018/11/family-chaos-myths-challenges-of-family-therapy/

 

Last updated: 7 Nov 2018
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 7 Nov 2018
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.