Banishing Body Shame: An Extreme Form Of Negative Body Image
I’ve already talked about body shame on Weightless when I interviewed expert Carolyn Jones from the Eating Recovery Center. But I think it’s such an important topic that I wanted to explore it again.
So many of us experience body shame, a deep and intense belief that we’re defective.
Equally as damaging, we think that we’ll never learn to respect ourselves, to see ourselves as worthy, let alone love ourselves just as we are.
We lose hope.
But please know that if you’re experiencing body shame, you can overcome it. It takes time and effort, but you can conquer it.
For guidance on overcoming body shame, I turned to psychotherapist Jane Shure, Ph.D, who specializes in body image and self-acceptance. She also writes the blog The Doctor’s In. (You can learn more about Jane and her work below.)
I hope you find this interview helpful! And please stay tuned for part two tomorrow.
Q: Is body shame the same thing as negative body image?
A: Body shame is an extreme form of negative body image. If you imagine that body image is on a continuum, running from positive to negative, body shame would be at the extreme negative end of the continuum.
Negative body image can involve preoccupation with food, weight and appearance, with degrees of worry about how one is perceived in the eyes of others. Negative body image emanates from insecurity and feelings of inadequacy whereas body shame emanates from a core sense of feeling flawed and defective.
Q: Where does body shame come from?
A: Body shame comes from holding high levels of emotional shame. The shame can be rooted from many sources; most often it comes from repetitive experiences in childhood relationships where we feel insignificant and humiliated, leaving us feeling bad about ourselves at our core.
When we grow up to have shame-based beliefs about our essential being, we then have more difficulty managing the ups and downs that come with life. We are more likely to develop instincts encouraging us to flee, rather than be present, and preferences to block out emotions because we don’t know how to soothe hurts or manage pain.
Remember that feelings of shame live in the body and get stored there. Shame can evoke strong urges to shrink ourselves and disappear, or it can produce high levels of agitation and irritability, making it incredibly uncomfortable to be in the present moment.
Behaviorally, shame gets reflected in patterns of withdrawal, secrecy, avoidance, deception and self-destruction. It handicaps our ability to get strong in interpersonal relationships and sets us up for dysfunctional ones.
Q: What are some specific self-help strategies readers can try to overcome body shame, especially if the shame is constant and so deeply ingrained that it affects other parts of the person’s life?
A: Become aware of how you talk to yourself and what your Inner Critic says. Noticing and becoming aware is the first step.
Then, replace critical words with words that reflect understanding and compassion; words that you would use for a friend. Individuals who are prone to shameful feelings, are quick to judge themselves and hold unrealistic expectations, assuring that they will feel defeated and proclaim themselves deficient and inadequate.
This habituated way of being self-shaming needs to change in order to get stronger in our self-esteem and body-esteem.
We need to accept that we are human and stop blaming ourselves for the actions of others. We need to learn how to realistically evaluate our expectations of self and others, and we need to learn how to respect our bodies and appreciate all that they do for us.
Q: What else can we do to chip away at body shame?
A: Refrain from saying things to yourself that you wouldn’t say to a friend. Practice by writing to yourself with words that tolerate imperfection and promote self-acceptance.
Learn to focus your attention on thoughts of respect and awe for what your body does for you rather than getting annoyed at it for what it doesn’t do.
Q: Anything else you’d like to add about body shame?
A: We promote positive body image in ourselves and others when we understand that most of the way we look is determined by genetics and that idealizing a body shape that is not ours only increases our feelings of shame and inadequacy.
Our challenge is to learn how to accept the bodies we have, wear clothes that make us feel good and appreciate what our body does for us.
When we train ourselves to focus compliments based on something other than appearance (such as personal strengths like courage, sense of humor, thoughtfulness), we are more likely to avoid stepping into shame traps and are more likely to feel better about ourselves and others.
Jane, thank you so much for your insight into body shame and how we can work to overcome it. Stay tuned tomorrow for Jane’s thoughts on quieting the inner critic and building emotional resilience.
Here’s more about Jane:
Jane Shure, PhD, LCSW, psychotherapist, author, and public speaker, is nationally recognized for her work in strengthening resilience to counteract shame and trauma. She is on faculty at the Kripalu Center for Yoga & Health and The Athena Leadership Lab at Barnard College, where she leads workshops on Calm Your Inner Critic.
Jane is co-founder and co-author of a self-esteem building curriculum: Inside/Outside Self-Discovery for Teens: Strategies to Promote Resilience, Relationships, and Positive Body Image (TocuanEd, 2009), co-editor of Effective Clinical Practice in the Treatment of Eating Disorders: The Heart of the Matter (Routledge, 2009), and co-author of “Shame, Compassion and the Journey to Health” in the same volume.
Named a “Top Doc for Women” by Philadelphia Magazine, Jane writes for the Huffington Post and spearheads A Chance to Heal Foundation’s ParentTalk program, guiding parents on how to raise kids in a body-conscious world. You can read more about Jane at www.SelfMatters.org or www.JaneShure.com.
Have you experienced body shame? How have you worked to overcome body shame? What are your tips for conquering it?
Tartakovsky, M. (2010). Banishing Body Shame: An Extreme Form Of Negative Body Image. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 28, 2015, from http://blogs.psychcentral.com/weightless/2010/12/banishing-body-shame-an-extreme-form-of-negative-body-image/