Archives for Diet & Nutrition
People with bipolar disorder often struggle with weight gain, because it's a side effect of so many medications used to treat depression and mania. Compounding the issue is the fact that the more you worry about weight and try to "shed the pounds" the harder it may be to lose weight. Meanwhile, all you accomplish is feeling bad about your body. I recommend a different approach, one that focuses on health and happiness and banishes body shaming.
We're proud to announce the release of the 3rd Edition of Bipolar Disorder For Dummies. About the Book Bipolar Disorder For Dummies, 3rd Edition is a reassuring guide that sorts out the differences between bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder, and other forms of bipolar; explains the biology behind the illness; and covers the latest medications, therapies, and self-help techniques to manage the condition and feel better overall. You discover:
Research has long shown an association between low folate levels and depression, particularly depression that's more severe and less responsive to medical treatment. (Folate is a water-soluble B vitamin in its natural form. Folic acid is the synthetic version found in supplements.) Folate is critical in the development of the human nervous system, so pregnant women must take folic acid supplements. People who abuse alcohol, people with certain illnesses, and those who take a number of different medications are at risk for folate deficiencies, which can present with a variety of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms. Doctors may check folate levels as part of an initial workup of depression.
Researchers at Lewisham Counselling and Counsellor Associates in Britain performed a very small study to determine what impact, if any, diet and nutrition have on a person with bipolar disorder and the implications of this on psychotherapeutic practice. They presented their findings at the BACP (British Association for Counseling & Psychotherapy) Research Conference 2011. Here's what they found: A link does exist between diet and bipolar disorder. Omega 3, Magnesium, Vitamin B, and low sugar intake seemed helpful in minimizing the intensity and frequency of the mood swings. A sudden increase or decrease in appetite or erratic eating pattern is common at the onset of bipolar disorder. Bipolar treatments seldom consider diet, perhaps because of its perceived association with alternative medicine. The authors of the study suggest that including a dietitian or nutritionist on the treatment team might be a good idea.
In Bipolar Disorder For Dummies and on this blog, we have recommended numerous lifestyle and environmental changes someone can take to feel better with bipolar disorder. Readers have contributed some of their own ideas and suggestions to keep the conversation going. While nutritional changes, mindfulness, exercise, and other such interventions don't treat bipolar disorder, these can be important tools for making you feel better overall. Sometimes, these interventions can even reduce symptoms; for example, mindfulness can be helpful in the treatment of depression and anxiety, while exercise can boost moods. We thought it might be interesting and fun to try something together. Making lifestyle and environmental changes is hard, so it's usually best to make small, manageable changes – something you can do and succeed at, so you gain a sense of mastery and the encouragement to try more new things.
A recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry entitled "Are Mood Disorders and Obesity Related? A Review for the Mental Health Professional" (McElroy, Susan L.; Kotwal, Renu; Malhotra, Shishuka; Nelson, Erik B.; Keck, Paul E., Jr.; Nemeroff, Charles B.) reveals a possible connection between obesity and mood disorders including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. The study found that: Children and adolescents with major depressive disorder may be at increased risk for developing obesity. Patients with bipolar disorder may have elevated rates of overweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity. (Abdominal obesity is specifically related to higher risk of cardiovascular disease.) Persons living with obesity who seek weight-loss treatment may have elevated rates of depressive and bipolar disorders. Obesity is associated with major depressive disorder in females. Abdominal obesity may be associated with depressive symptoms in females and males. Most overweight and obese persons do not have mood disorders.
Robert Asks...Do you think a combination of different herbs can cure any form of bipolar disorder and if so what are those herbs?
Dr. Fink Answers...In Chapter 9 of Bipolar Disorder For Dummies, we discuss a host of alternative treatments for bipolar disorder, including ECT (electroconvulsive therapy), light therapy, vitamins & minerals, and herbs, used alone and in conjunction with traditional forms of medicines and therapies. For example, some people claim that St. John's Wort is useful for treating the depressive pole in bipolar disorder. (Of course, unfortunately, like most other antidepressants, St. John's Wort also increases the risk of triggering mania, especially in someone who has bipolar disorder.)
Among other things, your body is a chemical factory – breaking down everything you eat into a collection of chemicals and compounds and then reassembling them to build muscle, fuel growth and movement, heal damaged cells, fight infection, and much more. So it makes sense that whatever you consume is likely to influence how you feel – physically, mentally, and emotionally. Have the chef salad for lunch, you feel one way. Chow down on a Big Mac and fries, and you feel entirely different.